This is my video presentation called ‘Managing Complexity’ from week07 in CCK11:
•I have at this point distinguished some relationships between groups and networks, tried to define some attributes of network learning and patterns of knowledge as well as been confronted with complexity in representations of knowledge and personal learning environments. This week the focus is on how this applies to adaptive systems. The concept of Complex Adaptive System (CAS) has multiple interacting elements and these respond to feedback from each other or the environment.What are Complex Adaptive Systems? (Peter Fryer)
•A system in equilibrium does not have the internal dynamics to enable it to respond to its environment. Most systems are nested within other systems and many systems are systems of smaller systems. The system is continually self organising through the process of emergence and feedback.
•The concept of the Red Queen is taken from Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking Glass. In Carroll’s story, Alice meets a chess piece that is destined to run forever in an environment that moves with her:
After a brisk run, Alice mentions to the Red Queen that “you’d generally get to somewhere else – if you ran very fast for a long time, as we’ve been doing.” […] “A slow sort of country!” responds the Queen. “Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”
…this principle claims the need of continual adaptation for an evolutionary system to survive in an ecological niche (or functionally defined environment).
•Without accurate and quick feed-back system, something called “competitive convergence” (Kim and Mauborgne 1999) can occur. The challenge will be to reframe the problem or reinvent the game – which is known as “leapfrogging” of competitors by new solutions.
•Can we control complexity through adaptive systems?
•In nature we encounter more extreme phenomena, created by a cascading ‘snowball’ effect. Will this pattern happen in social networks also?